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Sorting Algorithms in C Programming

Introduction

In computer science, sorting is the process of arranging a list of items in a particular order. It is one of the fundamental operations in computer programming and is used in various applications such as searching, data analysis, and optimization. In this blog post, we will explore different sorting algorithms implemented in the C programming language.

1. Bubble Sort

Bubble sort is a simple sorting algorithm that repeatedly steps through the list, compares adjacent elements, and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. This process is repeated until the list is sorted.

// C program for implementation of Bubble Sort
#include <stdio.h>

void bubbleSort(int arr[], int n)
{
    int i, j;
    for (i = 0; i < n-1; i++)
    {
        for (j = 0; j < n-i-1; j++)
        {
            if (arr[j] > arr[j+1])
            {
                int temp = arr[j];
                arr[j] = arr[j+1];
                arr[j+1] = temp;
            }
        }
    }
}

2. Selection Sort

Selection sort is another simple sorting algorithm that works by repeatedly finding the minimum element from the unsorted part of the list and putting it at the beginning. This process is repeated until the list is sorted.

// C program for implementation of Selection Sort
#include <stdio.h>

void selectionSort(int arr[], int n)
{
    int i, j, min_idx;
    for (i = 0; i < n-1; i++)
    {
        min_idx = i;
        for (j = i+1; j < n; j++)
        {
            if (arr[j] < arr[min_idx])
                min_idx = j;
        }
        int temp = arr[min_idx];
        arr[min_idx] = arr[i];
        arr[i] = temp;
    }
}

3. Insertion Sort

Insertion sort is a simple sorting algorithm that builds the final sorted list one item at a time. It is much less efficient on large lists than more advanced algorithms such as quicksort, heapsort, or merge sort.

// C program for implementation of Insertion Sort
#include <stdio.h>

void insertionSort(int arr[], int n)
{
    int i, key, j;
    for (i = 1; i < n; i++)
    {
        key = arr[i];
        j = i - 1;
 
        while (j >= 0 && arr[j] > key)
        {
            arr[j + 1] = arr[j];
            j = j - 1;
        }
        arr[j + 1] = key;
    }
}

Conclusion

In this blog post, we explored three common sorting algorithms implemented in the C programming language. Bubble sort, selection sort, and insertion sort are all simple and easy to understand sorting algorithms, but they may not be the most efficient for large lists. Understanding and implementing different sorting algorithms is essential for any programmer as it helps in optimizing various applications. We hope you found this blog post informative and useful. Happy coding!

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