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Explaining the Output of println Statements in Java

In Java, the println statement is commonly used to print output to the console. It is a method provided by the System.out object, which is an instance of the PrintStream class. The println statement adds a newline character after printing the output, which means that the next output will be displayed on a new line.

Let’s consider two examples of println statements and analyze their output:

Example 1:

System.out.println("Hello");
System.out.println("World");

The output of this code will be:

Hello
World

The first println statement prints the string “Hello” and adds a newline character. The second println statement then prints the string “World” on a new line. This is why the output is displayed as:

Hello
World

Example 2:

System.out.println("Java");
System.out.print("Ranchi");

The output of this code will be:

JavaRanchi

In this example, the first println statement prints the string “Java” and adds a newline character. The second statement uses print instead of println. The print statement does not add a newline character, so the next output will be displayed on the same line. Therefore, the output is displayed as:

JavaRanchi

It’s important to note that the behavior of the println statement is consistent across different platforms and operating systems. Regardless of the platform, the output will always be displayed with the appropriate newline character.

Now, let’s discuss why the println statements behave the way they do:

The println statement is designed to provide a convenient way to print output to the console. By adding a newline character after each output, it ensures that subsequent output is displayed on a new line. This is particularly useful when printing multiple lines of text or when separating different pieces of output.

The print statement, on the other hand, does not add a newline character. This allows for printing output on the same line, which can be useful in certain scenarios, such as when displaying progress updates or when formatting output in a specific way.

By providing both println and print options, Java allows developers to choose the appropriate method based on their specific needs. Whether you want to display output on a new line or on the same line, you can use the appropriate statement accordingly.

In conclusion, the println statement in Java prints output to the console and adds a newline character, while the print statement does not add a newline character. Understanding the behavior of these statements is essential for effectively displaying output in Java programs.

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