Understanding How Variables are Created in Memory in Python Programming


In Python programming, variables are used to store and manipulate data. When a variable is created, it is stored in the computer’s memory. This memory allocation process is an essential aspect of understanding how variables work in Python.

Memory Allocation in Python

When a variable is created in Python, an object is also created in memory to hold the value of the variable. This object is assigned a unique memory address, which allows the computer to locate and retrieve the stored value when needed.

Python uses a dynamic memory allocation system, which means that memory is allocated and deallocated automatically as variables are created and deleted. This makes Python a convenient programming language, as developers don’t have to worry about managing memory allocation manually.

Variables and References

In Python, variables are references to objects stored in memory. When a variable is assigned a value, it actually refers to the memory address where the value is stored. This reference allows multiple variables to point to the same object in memory.

For example, if we have two variables ‘x’ and ‘y’ and assign them both the value of 5, they will both refer to the same memory address where the integer value 5 is stored. This concept is known as object sharing or object aliasing.

Garbage Collection

Python has a built-in garbage collection feature that automatically frees up memory when it is no longer needed. When a variable goes out of scope or is deleted, the memory allocated for the object it references is automatically released.

Generating a Chart

If you would like to visualize the memory allocation process in Python, you can use various tools and libraries to generate charts and diagrams. One popular library for generating charts is Matplotlib, which provides a wide range of charting options.

By using Matplotlib, you can plot the memory addresses and visualize the objects created for each variable. This can help in understanding how memory is allocated and how variables are stored in memory.


Understanding how variables are created and stored in memory is crucial for effective Python programming. Python’s dynamic memory allocation system and object referencing mechanism make it a powerful and flexible programming language. By visualizing the memory allocation process using tools like Matplotlib, you can gain a deeper understanding of how Python manages memory and variables.

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